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外推电离室内部电场模拟研究

149    2020-01-19

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作者:刘川凤, 宋明哲, 高飞, 倪宁, 徐阳, 张曦, 刘蕴韬

作者单位:中国原子能科学研究院 计量与校准技术重点实验室, 北京 102488


关键词:外推电离室;电场;Anosft Maxwell


摘要:

目前国际上将空气比释动能强度作为近距离治疗125I粒子源剂量计算及评价粒子源强度的物理量。测量粒子源空气比释动能强度的标准装置拟采用外推电离室,盈彩国际足球:外推电离室结构设计会影响内部电场,内部电场的均匀性对电离电荷有效收集产生一定的影响。该文利用Maxwell软件建立电离室结构,研究有无保护电极以及栅极个数和栅极尺寸对内部电场均匀性的影响,对模拟得到的电场图进行分析,得到结论为当保护电极半径大于收集极半径时,增加栅极的个数,并且当栅极中心间距小于保护电极环宽的1/10时,有利于增加电离室内部电场的均匀性,对外推电离室的设计提供一定的参考。


Simulation of the electric field in extrapolation ionization chamber
LIU Chuanfeng, SONG Mingzhe, GAO Fei, NI Ning, XU Yang, ZHANG Xi, LIU Yuntao
National Key Laboratory for Metrology and Calibration Techniques, China Institue of Atomic Energy, Beijing 102488, China
Abstract: At present, the quality air-kerma strength is used to calculate the dose of 125I seed and evaluate the strength of brachytherapy source in the world. Extrapolation ionization chamber is used as primary standard to measure the quantity air-kerma strength. The structure of the ionization has an effect of the electric field distribution. And it is important to have uniformity electric field for collecting the ionization charges. This paper adopted Maxwell program to create the structure of chamber. It studied the effect of guard electrode and structure of grid electrode on electric field of extrapolation ionization chamber. By analysis the figure of electric field, the ionization chamber has more uniformity electric field with the radius of guard electrode larger than that of collecting electrode, more potential rings, and the distance of two potential rings less than 1/10 of the width of guard electrode. That provides certain reference to related types of extrapolation ionization chamber optimization design of the structure.
Keywords: extrapolation ionization chamber;electric field;Ansoft Maxwell
2020, 46(1):147-153  收稿日期: 2019-04-17;收到修改稿日期: 2019-05-27
基金项目:
作者简介: 刘川凤(1990-),女,河北石家庄市人,博士研究生,研究方向为核技术及应用
参考文献
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